Lily is a flowering shrub. It is worldwide famous for its beautiful fragrance. It increases the charm of gardens with its elegant blossom and colors. It is a long-lived plant.
Planting lily is easier than any other flower. It mostly grows from blubs or seeds. Lily flower requires suitable seeds, sapling, mould and weather to grow perfectly. It grows well in the cold milder temperature. There are various types of lily flower and that is why there are different processes for cultivating this flower.
How to grow lilly from seeds step by step?
Step 1: Seed selection
It is an important factor before cultivating lily from seeds. We will collect seeds from lily flowers, six to eight weeks after bloom. We must select ripe and healthy seeds for that. Seeds should be cleaned and husk free. According to a species of lilies, there is a huge difference in lilies seeds. At the end of summer, seeds ripe properly for the sow.
The ripe seed is dark, strong and dry. After seeds collection and before implanting seeds in the garden we must storage seeds in the cold and dry place.
Step 2: Preparation of soil
Lily will grow anywhere if its seeds are sow appropriately. However, for beginners it better to cultivate it in the pot or a container.
Lily flower requires fertile lands and mould. Soil’s pH level should be 5.5 to 6.5. For Asiatic hybrid pH level will be 6-7 and on the other hand, for oriental species, we must keep pH level 5.5-6.5. Amount of chlorine will be 1.5 ml mole per square meter.
At first, mix the soil with humus, leaf fertilizer or cocoa and wait a few days. Urea, Phosphate, Potash are also very good for growing lily. Mix three of those composts in an equal amount in a pot and then mix it with the soil. Keep this mixer for a few days again.
After that, mix some organic compost also and then wait for one or two weeks. Now, this soil is ready for sowing seeds.For Asiatic lily, we need properly moisture the soil because it cannot grow in dry soil.
Step 3: Seeds cultivation
When the soil is ready then we can sow the collected ripe seeds. In a plant, flower comes in the time of rainy season and winter. So we can say that lily flower will bloom in the plant June to September.
Therefore, we must sow seeds at the end of spring and beginning of summer. Therefore, from February to March we will start sowing seeds in the garden. This is a suitable time to plant Lily flowers.
In some of the species, seed ripe at end of the summer, that is why they will sow at the end of summer.
At first, we will make a 10 cm deep hole in the pots or container. If the container is big then the distance between two seeds will be at least 6-7 cm. From seeds, the flower will come after 3-4 years. Before growing plants, we will water in the soil twice in a day.
Step 4: Control the climate
Lilies grow well in the green house. In the day, it needs temperature 18-12 degree centigrade and in the night, 10-15 degree centigrade.
Step 5: Watering in plants
Watering is an essential part of any kinds of plants. As lily sow in the time of summer so we must take proper care about watering in the flower. However, watering also depends on the types of soil because some soil can hold water for a long time and some are dry, types of plants or species and humidity. After sowing seeds, we must water in the plants in the morning and evening.
It will make the color of the flower attractive and give perfect shape to the petals. However, excessive water is not good for plants, so we should take care of it. Oriental species cannot take too much water. In summer, 6-8 litres water is perfect for per square meter every day. However, in the winter 5-6 litres water is appropriate for per square meter.
Step 6: Plants protection
We can use a nylon net or bamboo fence around the garden to protect plants from harmful animals and children. We can use insecticides also for killing harmful insects. Such as- Weighable Sulphur, Methane, Methyl Demeton etc.
Step 7: Cultivation in the open garden
If anyone wants to grow lily in the open garden also. For that, they must take at least 300/225/150 square cm.
At first, we must make the soil ready to sow. Next, in the time of sowing, we will make 3 cm deep hole for each seed. We should avoid making too much deep hole in the open field because sometimes flower never blooms in the plant.
The distance between two seeds will be 5-6 cm and the distance of rows will be 20-25 cm. In the open garden, we should plant lilies in a high place to avoid water-logging. Because excessive water spoils the roots.
Types of Lilies
Exactly how many types of lilies are there?
There are many variations of lilies out there. There are around 90 recognized species of lilies out there. Among all the 90 species, we will talk about 2 of the most popular types of Lilies.
Asiatic Hybrid Lily
It is native to many Asian countries. It is very highly demanded lily because it is a fast-growing species. After sowing seeds, it takes 8 to 10 weeks to grow a flower. In this species, plants are at least 1-6 feet tall with glossy leaves.
There are huge color and shape variances in flowers and petal; it is a long-lived and vigorous plant. Dreamland, Monte negro, Yellow giant, Push off Blackout, Black spider, Pixie series, Brunello, Citronella, Dotcom, Fire king, King Pete, Salmon twinkle, Tiny todd are some of most famous Asiatic hybrid lilies.
Oriental Hybrid Lily
It is native to Japan. This species is famous for strong fragrant, unique colors, large size flowers, petals, and long-lasting flowers than Asiatic. The height of the plant is 2 to 8 feet with deep green leaves. Here, flower bloom over a long period.
Siberia, Stargazer, Starfighter, Starlight express, Sumatra, Tom Pouce, Nero star, Casa Blanca eastern lily, Elegant lady, White American, dizzy, Entertainer, Muscadet, Souvenir, Craft and Herbo are some of the oriental species. Stargazer is the most famous lily from an oriental hybrid.
Do you know, if Spider Plants are toxic to cats?